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Spiritual Mantra

-: Myths and Legends of Lord Ganesha :-

The Birth of Lord Ganesha Ganesha and the Moon
Lord Ganesha and the demon Ravana Ganesha the scribe
The defense broken Ganesha Ganesha and Kubera
Ganesha and Goddess Parvati The Wisdom of Ganesha
The god Ganesha and Shiva Ganesha and the God Vishnu
Ganesha and River Kaveri  

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

The Birth of Lord Ganesha

Each Purâna relate a different story to report the birth of Ganesh. In some of these legends, he is the son born of the spirit (mânasika putra) of Shiva, but in others, in fact most (Vâmana-Purâna, Matsya-Purâna, Skanda-Purâna), it is a creation of Parvati.

In some stories vishnuïtes, Ganesh is considered as an incarnation of Krishnâ.

According to the version of Shiva-Purâna, which is the best known, the wife of Shiva, Montagnarde (Parvati), was disturbed by one day his master who came into the house while she was taking a bath.

Agacée did point servant staff to keep his door, she rubbed the body and ointments scented she won, she formed the image of a child beautiful as the day, gave him life, 'called Ganesh, and ordered him to stand guard outside his home.

When the child claimed Shiva prevent from entering the premises, the latter, furious, métamorphosa in its form of Rudra and launched the Gana against Ganesh. In the fight, the head of Ganesh was settled.

At the sight of misfortune which reached its "son", Parvati was inconsolable. Do not found the child's head, Shiva greffa the head of an elephant on his body. To repair his fault, Shiva Ganesh recognized as his son and appointed him head of all his servants, and it became "Ganapati."

In a similar version, it is said that Nandi was the guardian Apartment Parvati, but that also, and especially servant of Shiva, he could not oppose the will of his master.

A more detailed variant describes Shiva sending the army stormed his Gana. But Ganesh puts them in rout; Shiva then Brahma who come peacefully, in the form of a brâhmane, attempts to bring the boy to reason. In vain, he is defiant.

So Shiva asks Kârtikeya and Indra, to intervene and lift their armies; Ganesh resists victoriously and puts armies routed through the support of Kali and Durgâ, called by Parvati, furious that the attack on his beloved son ...

Shiva finally decides to intervene himself and, while Ganesh combat Vishnu, it takes treacherously a slice backhand and his head ... The revenge of Parvati is terrible: it creates countless Shakti and order them to eat the Gana and Devâ. Terrifiés, Vishnu and Brahma asked him clemency; Parvati in exchange requires that one gives life to his son.

It also seeks other compensation: now his son will be honored in the first before all other gods.

Shiva dispatch emissaries with orders to bring the head of the first living being looking northerly direction bodes well known and synonymous with wisdom.

The first creature asleep, his head turned towards the north east they encounter an elephant. It relates to the head and Shiva, placing it on the child's body, it breathes life.

Parvati is transported with joy and hugged his son, the boy headed elephant that Shiva called Ganesha, meaning "Master of Gana."

As a representative Ganesh myth born of Parvati alone, without the intervention of Shiva, J. Herbert is a curious element. Indeed, is his "sweat" the Goddess creates his son. So Parvati sweating!, While Hindu gods, when they take human form, are characteristic not sweat, have no shadow and not to let the flowers fade they are decorated. Parvati had therefore "humanized" quite exceptional to give birth to Ganesh.

Many variations of legends about the origin of the elephant headed Ganesh are identified through texts more or less old:

  On injunction gods who needed a deity able to remove all obstacles in their path of action and achievement, Shiva himself was born Breast Parvati in the form of Gajânana.
According to the Linga-Purâna, Ganesh is created by Shiva to overcome Asura and other enemies of the gods, indeed, the Devâ prayed the almighty Shiva to help them because they were harassed by demons.

Shiva consented thereto, and his mind, made the beautiful spring and wonderful figure of a child with a head elephant powerful, brandishing a trident in one hand (Ganesh is indeed sometimes depicted with a trident). The Gods were delighted with this child, born-l'esprit Shiva, which would protect them now. Seeing this beautiful child, Parvati put on his knee and had hoped that no company, human or divine, can be successful without that she has been previously dedicated a prayer. Shiva then made him the leader of celestial hordes, Gana, the appellant Ganapati, which means head of Gana.

  In another Purâna, varaha-Purâna, it is portrayed as a wonderfully beautiful young man emerging from the glare of front Shiva absorbed in deep meditation. This mânasika putra, son-born-l'esprit Shiva, was a human boy dazzling. Parvati, upset that the boy was born without his intervention, wished that his head is changed to that of an elephant. However, when she saw the child-headed elephant, it felt great love for him, and declared that no company, human or divine, can succeed without a prayer to Ganapati, that Shiva had been head of Gana.

  Another legend says that Parvati Puranique burning desire to have a child and told to Shiva. He asked him to follow a period austérités (tapas or tapasya) say puñyaka for a year, and she did. The wise Sanatkumara fit and Parvati to undergo various tests to ascertain the intensity of his desire. Afterwards, she heard a voice from heaven told him to go into his room seeking his newborn child.

She ran, saw him and could not believe his eyes because it was more beautiful than all the gods together, and his face shone like the sun rising. His joy knew no more boundary.

All gods and goddesses rushed to Mount Kailash, the residence of divine parents, to contemplate this child of glory, they presented their tributes to him and s'émerveillèrent its beauty.

The nine planets, Navagraha, also came to congratulate the couple and their son divine beloved. One of them, Shani would not lift their eyes to the child and asked whether he drop his head.

Parvati was vexée. Shani explained that his wife, jealous, had predicted that any person they look with admiration would be destroyed!

Parvati would not believe it and demanded that Shani would like all and admire the baby. He complied instantly and the head of Ganesh was separated from his body and flew in space until Goloka, the world of Krishnâ (because originally, Ganesha was Krishnâ himself in human form, according to the Brahmavaivarta-Purâna).

Parvati cried, lamenta loudly and created a great uproar. Vishnu, including drama, went immediately on his vehicle Garuda to find a head to replace one that was lost.

On the banks of the river Pushpabhadra, he met a herd of elephants asleep. Choosing an animal lying whose head was turned towards the north, he and his trancha reported. According to a version of the legend, the elephant was in fact a Gandharva who hoped to be released from his earthly life, while another version said he is the head of one of the son of an elephant Airâvata, the vehicle the god Indra.

Anyway, Vishnu placed upon his return this elephant head on the neck of the child Ganesh.

And breathing life into the lifeless body, he presented a Parvati, who was delighted to have a child with the wisdom and power of an elephant.

Vishnu vêtit the child of exquisite jewelry suitable for its beauty; Himavân, the father of Parvati, did the same. Vishnu gathered all celestial beings and made a cult of the child, giving the eight names by which we now know:

Vighneshvara, Ganesha, Heramba, Gajânana, Lambodara, Ekadanta, Soorpakarna and Vinâyaka.

  A day to entertain, Parvati formed the image of a child with a head of an elephant, using ointments that covered his body, then led the Ganges. As soon as the waters submergèrent the child, it was transformed into a being resplendent. It was Dvaimatura, the son-born-two mothers, because as Parvati Gangâ each believed it was their child.

  The Suprabhedâgama describes the birth of Ganesh. Shiva and Parvati, visiting the deep forests of the Himalayas, saw a couple of elephants united. By Thursday, they decided on the spot to do the same, and adopting the form of these animals, they united in their turn. Thus was born Ganesh headed elephant.

If Ganesh was created by Parvati without the intervention of Shiva, the latter plays a role, however, since it allows Ganesh have an elephant head, he acknowledges as his elder son (although Kârtikeya already existed) but only after this incident that has changed.

The origin of pre-Vedic Ganesh is also considered to understand the content of this legend. Indeed, before the Aryans, the Dravidian was matriarchal society and people worshipped a female deity, the Divine Mother. This trait of civilization was not specific to India and is found both in the Middle East, before the Jewish doctrine does a male and father of the Divine.

In the legend of Ganesh, Parvati, goddess prévédique Aboriginal, is an expression of the Divine Mother who actually holds a prominent position, even compared to Shiva.

The operation, which endows Ganesh an elephant head of a boy is impetuous and irascible be one of wisdom and spirituality. And that is Shiva, Lord of Yoga, who presides in this transformation. To discover the head of an elephant, Shiva sends look northward. But we know that the north (uttaram) is a beneficial direction. The trip north is synonymous with journey to enlightenment (devayana = path of the gods). The head of an elephant has reported only one defence, a sign that after the trip north, she reached the non-state duel. .

Ganesh and the river Kaveri

To bring water to arid regions, South Sage Agastya, with the blessings of Brahma, Shiva received the sacred water which it fulfils its kamandalu.

He travelled to the southern regions of the country, hoping to find a place conducive to the creation of a river abundant. He reached the mountains and Kodagu (Coorg).

Along the way, it héla a young boy who went there. In fact, it was Ganesh under a disguise. The wise man asked the child to wear his pot carefully water while he would seek around a place where isolated.

Ganesh knew qu'Agastya wanted to create a river and the place where they had appeared to him suitable. It therefore put ashore from the kamandalu wise.

A crow, passing through there, arose on the edge of the pot. Returning then Agastya drove the bird which, s'envolant, overthrew the kamandalu (photo). In flowing, this small amount of water became the river Kaveri.

The area, considered sacred to the present day, is known as Talakaveri.

Lord Ganesha and Kubera

Kubera, the god of wealth, was proud of his fortune without limits. One day, he organized a lavish dinner attended by, among other prestigious guests, the couple divine Shiva and Parvati and their son Ganesh.

It was still a child, but when he began to eat, he proved insatiable. Soon the other guests were quick to gather in front of empty tables. Alas! Do not containing it had exhausted the available food, Ganesh began to devour dishes, furniture and anything contained Alakâpuri, the capital of Kubera.

When he had ingested any, the child Ganesh threatened to swallow Kubera itself. Epouvanté, the god of wealth ran throw himself at the feet of Shiva to implore his help, because the voracious hunger of Ganesh did not seem to have limits.

Shiva's intervention was simple but spectacular. He was contented to give her son a handful of toasted cereal seeds. He ate them and, miraculously, his hunger calmed immediately.

This story teaches us that a handful of simple food, given with love and eaten with devotion, is larger and more nutritious that all goods Kubera made to impress the gods. From another angle, this story shows that we can not achieve peace, satisfaction with the property. The only way to achieve the performance is therefore our vasana consumer. The destruction of vasana is symbolized by the consumption of grilled rice, because when the rice is cooked, it loses its ability to germinate. Similarly, the seeds of our desires buried they lose any force and any possibility of returning later.

Lord Ganesha and the Moon

One day, Ganesh received his followers a lot of cakes. We know his greed. He therefore swallows immediately.

Ganesh is returning home perched on his horse mouse, it happened in the darkness of nightfall, the mouse trébucha suddenly on a snake. Ganesh fell to the ground.

But he had eaten so much that his stomach filled too broke and cakes spread.

Ganesh and picked up the replaça in his belly yawning (look no logic in this story). As a belt, it takes the snake which had provoked the incident and noua around his size (you can also see this belt made of a snake on many representations of Ganesh).

Seeing this show funny, the Moon, Chandra, burst out laughing.

Ganesh, furious, it was considered offended by this mockery. In spite, he tore his right and the defense planned in the face of the moon (which is why Ganesh is usually represented with defence broken right).

At the same time, he launched a curse so that it ceases to shine at night and disappear from heaven. At that time, "said the legend, the full moon shone every night.

Therefore, and in the absence of Moon, there were more and no night, no moonlight, or dusk. Young people love gémissaient and lamented; people aged ronchonnaient noting that they could no longer sleep with the sun now luisait even in the middle of the night.

Without the Moon, the gods found life in heaven as unbearable that humans were having on the earth. So they rushed home Ganesh, imploring to bring things to normal.

We know that Ganesh is basically full of goodness, and it therefore acceded to their demand but decided that, despite everything, the moon could no longer shine as never before, every night, in all its glory.

It would grow and décroîtrait, a half a dozen light obscure, each of these two periods ending respectively on the Full Moon and New Moon.

For this reason, they say, it is not beneficial to look at the Moon on the anniversary of Ganesh, Ganesh Chaturthî (which is the fourth day of the moon rising) during the month of Bhâdrapad ( in August or early September), because anyone who ignores will have big problems ...

This superstition still exists today and people shy away from watching the moon day of Ganesh Chaturthî. Some very superstitious, even look at land not only on the day of Ganesh Chaturthî, but all the fourth day of the moon rising, to be sure not to make mistakes!

And if, by misfortune, someone saw the star nights that day, he must start as soon as possible stones at the house next door to hers, so that the insults back by the inhabitants defuse the anger of God!

The meaning of this legend, or at least a sense that you can give it, is as follows: Ganesh riding his rat represents the Finder Truth, the Man of Perfection which, through its vehicle body, mental and intellectual, is trying to achieve his goal to finally carry spiritual truth without limits.

The body, the mind and intellect are realities limited. They can not express the Atman.

Anyone who seeks the Supreme Director knows that it is almost impossible to understand his experience in a "regular". That is why we find that the words and deeds of spiritual masters are strange and incomprehensible.

The intellect of man not engaged in this type of research can not understand what the Truth, the Ultimate Reality. The Moon is the deity who governs the human spirit. The Moon laughing at Ganapati which straddles the rat reminds us of the ignorant who mocks the efforts of spiritual researcher to reach the truth.

Similarly, ridiculing the Masters spiritual Teachers of Truth and what they say, harms humanity.

Another legend, told in the Brahmânda-Purâna, depicts Ganesh and the Moon. It had lost its lustre due to the curse of a god.

In order to recover its light, the Ganesh placed on his forehead as an ornament (tilaka); in this form of Bhâlachandra ( "That which adorned the front of the Moon"), the god Ganesh is particularly revered by esoteric sects.

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Lord Ganesha and goddess Parvati

One day, the child Ganesh s'amusa to torment him in a cat's tail and pulling a rolling on the ground. It is well known that children may do harm to innocent.

After a while, he let the cat quiet and left without further thought, Mount Kailash to find his mother Parvati. He found her very ill, covered with wounds and dust.

When he asked him what he had arrived, she said it was his fault. Indeed, it was the cat that Ganesh martyrisait.

This story teaches us that all living beings are part of the divine. Doing poorly in a living creature, one of our companions, humans or animals, it hurt to God himself.

Ganesh learned this lesson and we also have to learn throughout our lives.

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Ganesh and the demon Ravana

One day the demon Ravana undertook a very difficult asceticism (tapas).

As a result of this practice, Shiva appeared to him. Ravana asked Shiva for the kingdom that neither his nor itself can never be destroyed or damaged. Shiva gave him a Shiva Lingam, the symbol of his power, and ordered him to bring in his kingdom where he was to install in a temple, respecting appropriate rituals.

At that time only Ravana become invincible forever. But there was one condition: under any pretext, during the trip, Ravana should file the Lingam ashore, because it could then redéplacer.

Ravana mad with joy received the Lingam. However, Devâ (Gods) were afraid of the consequences of power that could get Ravana, so they invoked Ganesh before embarking on anything else. Ganesh promised to help them and gave them advice.

Thus, Varuna, the god of water, penetrated into the abdomen of Ravana, his causing intestinal disorders who forçèrent to stop along the way. With twisting pain but not wanting to ask any price the Lingam by land, and Shiva he had recommended, Ravana called a young Brahmin who was passing by and asked him to remain Lingam stone a few moments. It is, of course, that the young Brahmin in question was none other than Ganesh under a disguise.

Ravana s'éclipsa in the bushes along the way, but almost immediately, the young Brahmin called a first, and then a second, then a third time. N'obtenant no response (Ravana was too busy ...), he filed the Lingam on the ground.

When Ravana finally returned, he tried to resume but Lingam The latter, a colossal poiids, could not be lifted from the ground. Mad with rage, Ravana is rode with the boy who said then its true divine form of Ganesh. Ravana had lost power that gave him the Lingam. Ganesh then easily put terrasser this demon. On the kick, he sent in the sky (photo).

Ravana finally went on its limitations and admit the omnipotence of Ganesh (photo).

The place where the Lingam was filed is called Gokarna, on the west coast of Karnataka, it is venerated to this day. See the picture of Ganesh at Gokarna.

This story teaches that the devil always ends up losing, especially when he claims to power.

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The wisdom of Lord Ganesha

Shiva and Parvati played with their two children and Ganesh Kârtikeya.

The gods had given them an extraordinary result and each of the two children wanted.

The couple explained that their divine nectar of the Supreme Knowledge and Immortality was hidden in this fruit. Since everybody wanted, the one who would get three times around the world and would be the first.

Kârtikeya left on his peacock and flew in space, stopping at all sacred places along the way and making its offerings and devotions.

Ganesh knew that his corpulent form that slowed his mount, the mouse would be much slower and could never beat Kârtikeya.

But his wisdom him find a solution. It turned seven times around his parents, Shiva and Parvati, with great devotion. When they asked him why he did not circle the earth, he replied:

"My parents Shiva and Shakti are the whole world. In them lies the entire universe. I do not need to go further."

Naturally, he won the fruit (photo).

This story highlights the importance of intelligence, which Ganesh is the depositary, against the strength, speed or physical performance.

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Ganesha the scribe

A very interesting story about Ganesh is the belief that he was the editor of Mahâbhârata scribe.

The Sage Vyâsa, author of the epic, was informed by Brahma, on which he meditated, he had to ask Ganesh to be the scribe which dictate the epic form versifiée.

Ganesh appeared in front of Brahma to which he gave his consent but under the condition that Vyâsa speak without interruption.

Vyâsa formulated his own requirement: Ganesh should understand every word, every thought and its implications before writing it.

When Vyâsa saw that Ganesh (photo) had finished writing a worm (broken his defence he served as a writing instrument), he dictated to another with meanings so complex that Ganesh had to stop and think about it.

This gave Vyâsa time to mentally compose a few stanzas and to recite when Ganesh was ready ...

This story teaches us that the Mahâbhârata should not be read in the rush. We must understand and "digest", we must listen with patience and reflection.

In fact, a belief that the Mahâbhârata should not be read, but only listened, and a small dose! Only then that the depth of hidden meaning in the events narrés by the poem appears gradually.

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The god Ganesha and Shiva

It is said that no act of peace or war, no daily action can not succeed before Ganesh has been previously honored.

This is valid not only for human beings, but also for celestial beings.

When Ganesh appeared as a son born of the spirit of Shiva, it decreed that Ganesh should be invoked with prayers by anyone wanting to ensure the success of its businesses. Even invocations to other deities would have no effect if they were not preceded by a prayer to Ganesh.

Thus, when Shiva went to confront the demons of the city of Tripura, he forgot his own rule and rushed in great haste. However, coming onto his chariot, a highlight of the wheel broke and the tank was stopped.

Interloqué that such an incident arrivât him, Shiva and stopped thinking. He suddenly realized he had forgotten to ask Ganesh, which prevented this ... He then invoked the name of his son and was able to leave and successfully won the battle of Tripurâtanka.

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How Ganesha broke his defense right

There are many legends to explain how Ganesh broke his defence, so it is also called Ekadanta "Those who have a defence".

  The first legend (in the Brahmânda-Purâna) relates to its battle against Parashurâma. Parashurâma was one of the incarnations (avatâra) of Vishnu, born on earth to teach wisdom to the ruling classes, Kshatriya, who had become arrogant and oppressing people. As human on earth, he meditated on Shiva and got the axe divine Parashu. It helped in its fight against all these rogue princes who were prey to demons.
Deeply grateful to Shiva, he then went to Mount Kailash to greet his guide. Ganesh, who was guarding the entrance then Apartment his Father, do not permit him to enter, saying he needed to wait for the permission of Shiva.

Parashurâma thought: "I am a devotee of Shiva, such a permission does not apply to me."

But Ganesh persisting to refuse passage, Parashurâma generally mood caught, struck violently defending Ganesh with his axe and broke.

Shiva and Parvati appeared then and blâmèrent Parashurâma who prostrated himself before Ganesh for his forgiveness and his blessing. Ganesh was then called Ekadanta "Those who have a defence".

  According to another legend, Ganesh broke his own defence in his fight against Gajamukhâsura (Asura-headed elephant). This demon followed severe austérités on board Shukrâchârya, the guru of Asura, so as invincible won powers of Shiva. But he used these powers to torment the gods who then rushed to ask for help from Ganesh.

The latter did not hesitate to battle against the demon. But during the fight, he realized that the powers of the devil made him invincible. Ganesh then broke his defence right and planned on Gajamukhâsura, continuing to transform it into mice. He then returned on the back of the mouse and made his horse, and keeping under its control.

  According to another story of Purâna, the rat Ganesh was in fact the Gandharva Krauncha. One day, the court of Indra, the king of Devâ, Krauncha, insulta the Sage Vâmadeva who revenge and convert it into a big rat. The rat, according to its nature, joined the ashram of Sage Parâchara and caused severe damage in the house. The Rishi then invoked Vinâyaka (another name for Ganesh) to save his modest dwelling. Ganesh appeared fit rat his vehicle and dompta.

  A legend Purâna attributes the loss of defence in a fight between Ganesh and Shiva himself.

  It refers to the history of Ganesh and Moon recalled earlier.

As you can see, whatever the version of these stories puraniques, why Ganesh would have chosen the rat as his vehicle is that it allowed him to keep his control, the rat with a capacity of nuisance that n ' is further proof.

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Lord Ganesha and the God Vishnu

One day, Vishnu found that its Valamburi Shankha had disappeared, which tracassa. After a while, he heard the sound of a conch deep and recognized immediately that it was hers. It resonated somewhere near Mount Kailash.

He meditated on Shiva appeared to him and said that if anyone wanted to find his, he had previously sent an invocation to Ganesh Valamburi (a form of Ganesh with the tube oriented right).

Vishnu Ganesh complied and returned the conch to its true owner who was delighted to find it.

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