The town of Tirupati is one
of the most ancient and sacred pilgrimage spots in India. The name 'Tirupati'
means the "Lord of Lakshmi," and should have been applied to the village on
the Venkat hill, the dwelling of Lord Venkateswara. However, Tirupati is the
town and transport hub at the bottom of the hill. The hill near the temple
is called 'Tirumala' or the "sacred hill." The temple here is said to be the
busiest in the world, eclipsing even Rome, Jerusalem and Mecca in the number
of pilgrims visiting it.
Tirumala is in the extreme southeast of the southern state of Andhra
Pradesh. It is situated in the Chittoor district of the state. The Tirumala
Hill is 3200 ft above sea level, and is about 10.33 sq miles in area. It
comprises seven peaks, representing the seven hoods of Adisesha, thus
earning the name Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri,
Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrishabhadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri. Tirupati is
137 km from Chennai, 258 km from Bangalore, and 562 km from Hyderabad (via
Kurnool and Cuddapah).
All the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid
homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of
Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later),
the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijaynagar
(14th-15th century AD) were devotees of this shrine.
It was during the rule of the Vijaynagar dynasty that the contributions to
the temple increased. Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his
consorts installed at the portals of the temple, and these statues can be
seen to this day. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main
temple. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle visited the temple and set up a
permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also
presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald that is
still preserved in a box named after the general. Among the later rulers who
have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal.
In AD 1843, the administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a
number of estates were entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at
Tirumala, and the temple remained under the administration of the Mahants
for nearly a century, until AD 1933.
In 1933, the Madras
Legislature passed a special act, which empowered the Tirumala Tirupati
Devasthanams (TTD) Committee to control and administer a fixed group of
temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area, through a Commissioner appointed by
the Government of Madras. In 1951, the Act of 1933 was replaced by an
enactment whereby the administration of TTD was entrusted to a Board of
Trustees, and the Government appointed an Executive Officer.
General Information :-
||13.39 N 79.25 E
||Telegu, Hindi, English
|Tirupati Climate /
||Summers 22°- 41°C.
Winters 15°- 30°C
Tourist Information Centre
APTDC Tourist Info Centre
Room No. 516, Sri Devi Complex
Major Attractions of
AGASTYASWAMY TEMPLE This lies about 12 km from
Tirupati, at the confluence of Swarnamukhi, Bhima and Kalyan rivers. It has
three beautifully sculptured entrances and a separate shrine for Goddess
Parvati. Opposite the shrine in the middle of the river is a mandap where
the statues of Balaji, Ayyappa and Ganapati are installed. A small shrine
dedicated to Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Anjaneya is also located near the
CHANDRAGIRI TOWN Located about 11 km southwest
of Tirupati this was once the capital of the Vijayanagar rulers way back in
AD 1600. This town is famous for the Chandragiri Fort built on a
180-metre-high rock. One can still find well-preserved fortifications and
palaces and temples.
HOESLEY HILLS This charming hill station lies
along the southwest border of Andhra Pradesh at an altitude of 1,265 metres.
The resort, named after the former collector of Chittoor, is a fascinating
place to visit with valleys covered with teak, mango, sandalwood and
KAILASAKONA WATERFALLS Situated in the Nagary
Valley, this beautiful waterfall is rich in minerals and is said to possess
curative powers and is well worth a visit.
KALYANI DAM About 18 km from Tirupati, in the
Rangampet forest on the Tirupati-Madanapallee Road, lies the Kalyani Dam
which is the main source of water for Tirupati and Tirumalai.
NAGALAPURAM This is a small town about 65 km
south-east of Tirupat with the Sri Vedanarayana Swamy Temple as its major
attraction. Believed to have been built by the Vijayanagar emperor, Sri
Krishna Devaraja, it is a fine specimen of Vijayanagar architecture style.
The sanctum sanctori houses an image of Vishnu in his Matsya (fish)
incarnation accompanied by the Sri Devi and the Bhu Devi on either side. An
important aspect of this temple is Sun worship. The temple has been
constructed in such a wayas to allow the rays of the sun to pass through its
gopuram and fall on the idol for three days every year in the month of
NARAYANAVANAM The shrine dedicated to Kalyana
Venkateswara is a major attraction here. Legend has it that Lord
Venkateswara married Padmavathi Devi, the daughter of Akasa Raja, here. The
temple was built to commemorate this great event by Akasa Raja.
SRI KALAHASTHI Located between two steep hills
along Swarnamukhi River, about 36 km from Tirupati, is Sri Kalahasti. Here
one can find a temple dedicated to Vayu, the God of wind. The river running
north touches the base of the temple.
Accessibility / How to reach :-
By Air : The nearest
airport is at Renigunta(15 kms). Tirupati is connected by air with
Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore. From the airport you can hire a taxi or an
auto rickshaw or you can take a bus to reach the temple.
By Rail : Tirupati temple is well connected by roads and proper
transport services to the nearest railway station situated at Tirupati. This
place is connected by rail with Hubbi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolhapur ,
Mumbai, Puri, Tiruchirapalli, Varanasi and Vijayawada.
By Road : To reach Tirupati temple, one should first reach Tirupati.
It is linked with important cities like Hyderabad (617), Banglore(248),
Chennai(151 km), Vijayawada(380 km) and Lepakshi (379 km) through good
Fairs and Festivals at
Tirupati Tirumala Balaji
Temple celebrates many festivals but the annual festival of 'Brahmotsavam'
is particularly important. This festival is celebrated extravagantly for
nine days in the month of September every year. The Garudostavam and
Rathotavam rituals take place on the fifth and sixth day of the festival.
Thus, attracting flocks of tourists and devotees to the temple.