13km. from Ajmer. A winding road among the hills leads to Pushkar. The way
is full of natural scenes. There are the rows of beautiful flower plants on
either side of the road and the travellers get refreshed while travelling
this place. One can see the buses, tongas, taxis and pedestrians on the road
coming to and going from Pushkar. The road is always busy. The pedestrians
enjoy their walk. They can have rest under the shady trees too. When a
tourist or a pilgrim reaches Pushkar, he finds himself among the nature.
The town of
Pushkar is far from the noisy environment of the city. When he reaches the
Ghats, particularly the Ghats near the Sarovar Tourist Bungalow, he gets
refreshed and loses his tiredness of his journey. Pushkar is situated at the
foot of the hills which add to its beauty. Five rivers, Suprabha, Kanaka,
Prachi Nanda, and Saraswati flow here and make the place more beautiful. The
climate here is balanced. It is not as cold as the Himalays and not as hot
Madras is. It has neither the dryness of Sindh nor the wetness of Bengal.
History of Pushkar
important and sacred places have been named after some important persons.
Pushkar was also named like that. Once Brahma was worried over the matter of
having a place in his name on the earth as the other gods have so he also
had a desire to have a place in his name in the mortal world(earth). Having
such thought in mind and saying 'Mangal Ho' He threw a lotus flower upon
the earth. The flower fell at three places and the holy water sprang out
from all these three places. Then Brahma said that these three places would
be known as Pushkar.
where the flower first fell is called Jestha Pushkar(Senior Pushkar), the
second place is called Madhya Pushkar(Middle Pushkar) and the third place is
called Kanistha Pushkar(junior Pushkar). And further he added that these
three Kunds(Lakes)would be famous for removing the sins of the sinners. As
Brahmaji threw the Pushpa(flower) with his Kar(Hand) so he gave the name of
Pushkar to this place. It is semicircular lake around which there are 52
"Ghats". The depth of the lake is 10 metre.The lake is a holy place and is
known as the king of the "Trithas".
There are four holy places of the Hindus in India(i.e. Badri Narayan,
Jagnnathpuri, Rameshwaram and Dwarikapuri) but the bath at Pushkar is
thought to be more important than at any other place. The holy dip in this
lake on Kartika Purnima is thought to be salvation giving. Pushkar is very
dear to Lord Brahma. The place is famous in His name. So it is blessed by
Him in every way. In olden times the people who took a holy dip at Pushkar
were relieved from all the sins and went to heaven after their death by the
grace of Lord Brahma.
General Information :-
: 5 sq.km.
Altitude : 486 meters
Climate : Mean Max. Mean Min.
Summer : 37.7° C 23.3° C
Winter : 15.5° C 3.7° C
Rainfall : 38 to 51 cms.
Summer : Light Tropical
Winter : Woollen
Best Season : July-March
Languages : Rajasthani, Hindi, English.
BRAHMA TEMPLE :
Pushkar boasts temples, though few are as ancient as you might expect at
such an important pilgrimage site, since many were destroyed by
Aurangzeb, a Mogul ruler and subsequently rebuilt. The most famous is the
Brahma Temple, said to be the only temple in the world dedicated to this
deity. It stands on a high plinth with the Marble steps leading up to
it. A silver turtle is set on the floor facing the Sanctum-Sanctorum or
Girbha-griha. Around the turtle the Marble floor is inset with hundreds of
silver coins. Coins engraved with donors names are also embedded in the
walls. Peacocks adorn the temple walls as they are supposed to be the
vehicle of lord Brahma's consort Saraswati. A small image of the milkmaid
Gayatri, flanks the four-faced image of lord Brahma and is called Chaumurti
The sanctuary has silver doors inside a carved marble gateway.
The one-hour trek up to the hilltop Savitri Temple overlooking the lake is
best made early in the morning; the view is magical.
Originally built in the 12th century, Varah Temple was, like many others,
destroyed by the bigoted Emperor Aurangzeb (who, it is said , was
particularly upset by the huge idol here of Varah, the god with the body of
a man and the head of the boar.) Reconstructed BY Raja Sawai Jai Singh II of
Jaipur in 1727, the temple has an interesting and richly ornamented image
A Beautiful temple built in the 19th century, it was described by a British
traveler of the time as "by far the most remarkable, for the elegance of its
structure and the nature of its ornaments, of all the temples Pushkar boasts
of." It is also noteworthy for its white marble Mahadeva image, with its
five faces (and its traditional tufts of hair).
One of Pushkar's largest and most intricate temples, the Ramavaikunth Temple
was built in the 1920's and has beautifully sculpted images of no less than
361 different deities. The ornate outer gopuram over the entrance is said to
have been built by a team of masons specially brought here from south India.
Lake and its many Ghats:
Many Ghats run down to the Holy Lake where pilgrims
are constantly bathing in the holy
waters. Joining people at the ghats has to be with some respect for their
culture and privacy. And for this reason, removing shoes before approaching
the ghats, no smoking and restraining from photographing bathing people is
well avoided. The Pilgrims here are sensitive about comments by non-Hindus.
The famed waters of the Pushkar lake wash away the sins of a lifetime.
The mystical water is also believed to cure skin diseases, making Pushkar
the Lourdes of the East.
Photos of Pushkar
Ariel View of Pushkar
Pushkar Lake and Temples
How to Reach Pushkar :
Pushkar is a sacred town
for the Hindus, situated 11 kms. (7 miles) to the North-West of Ajmer.
- Jaipur, the nearest airport is 138 kms. (86 miles).
Ajmer is connected to Delhi, Agra, Jaipur,
Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Abu Road and Jodhpur by regular trains. Two of the best
trains of the Indian Railways, Pink City Express and Shatabdi Express
connect Ajmer to Delhi and Jaipur.
network of bus service operates from Ajmer to key destinations around.
Distances from important tourist centres are: -
Jaipur: 138 kms. (86 miles).
Delhi: 392 kms. (244 miles).
Ahmedabad: 526 kms. (327 miles).
Jaisalmer: 490 kms. (304 miles).
Bikaner: 233 kms. (145 miles).
During the special occasion
of the Pushkar Fair, accommodation is arranged in special tented
accommodation in a tourist village, which is self-sufficient and specially
designed to complement the natural beauty of the site. It has a coffee shop
and dining hall that can cater to 1,500 guests at a time.The village is
arranged on blocks of tents, each with its own identity, named after the
famous dances of Rajasthan. The village also has huts with attached western
style toilets and running water. It can sometimes be difficult to find
accommodation in Pushkar, especially if you arrive late in the day. Most
hotels are nothing fancy, but they are generally clean and freshly
white-washed. You should ask to see a few rooms before deciding, as many
have a cell-like atmosphere owing to the tiny or non-existent windows. The
mozzies can be a real nuisance here, so come armed with insect repellent. Be
warned that most hotels tariffs skyrocket during the Camel fair, when demand
for rooms is exceptionally high.
Pushkar Fair (Information)
In the month of Kartik each
year, a staggering number of camels amble their way across the golden sands
of Rajasthan to congregate at Pushkar for the week-long fair devoted to
them. Coming in from all directions, their masters astride them, they flick
the sand at every step with casuals' ease. The horses that march to this
site find the sand-trot an exacting exercise. Numerous cows and sheep all
come to the animal fair. Completing the scene are thousands of men, women
and children, come with their beasts, suddenly inhabiting the barren plain.
Providing a backdrop, the camels in the distance camouflaged, scarcely
discernable. The contrast to the blank desert is the riot of Colours - the
large gaudy turbans of the native males arriving here to trade their animals
or to set up the stalls to cater to the booming captive market, and the loud
hues of the pleated ghagaras (ankle-length skirts) of the belles bangled by
the armful, bejewelled from head to toe- adding charm and zest to the
massive affair. At Mela time, Pushkar is Rajasthan under one roof, a
complete exhibition of its culture.
Over the first five days of the fair, camels,
horses, cows, goats, and sheep are sold and purchased. There may be
protracted negotiations, or sometimes, a quick transaction. Hard bargains
are struck, the vendor extolling the long list of virtues of his camel to
the prospective buyer.
Womenfolk seem to have little interest in the business of animals. They are
more attracted to the glittering wares in the stalls under awnings. The
large variety of intricate silver ornaments - hairpins and chains, nose
rings and neckbands, cummerbunds, anklets, toe rings and the ivory bangles
worn from wrist to shoulder - would send any woman on a buying spree. The
garments stalls, in no way less colourful, sell high fashion upper garments
of patchwork and tie 'n' die. Tattoo stalls give many women beauty marks
that last a lifetime. Whoever said that the unsophisticated are not
And there are lots n
lots of Camels too:
In Rajasthan even the camels are fashion-conscious, and that too to a high
degree, for they are soon to be part of a beauty parade! The proud owner of
a newly acquired camel promptly goes to the stalls which the women bypassed.
At these stalls all the crafts of Rajasthan have been pressed into the
service of the camel community. Handmade saddles to fit every hump; long
strings of cowries, bes and beads; colourful, woven saddle-straps, and
embroidered back-covers to boot. After a shearing and a scrub, the camel is
costumed and even perfumed! Surely the Marwari man loves his camel-and his
Fun and frolic:
As the tempo of business goes down, the men folk turn to merriment, for the
day of the camel sports is at hand. Camel races are the first event. Usually
a lumbering beast of burden, the camel all decorated in finery, imagines
itself to be an ostrich, and rushes through the race like one. Then comes
the event analogous to musical chairs. Here, as the music stops, the camel
is supposed to manage to stick its long arching neck between two poles, each
camel owner guiding its entrant by means of a silken cord attached to its
nose ring. Vying for the first pace in the beauty contest, splendidly
bedecked camels are bought to the ring and paraded to catch the critical eye
of keen judges. The gait of the camel, the choice of its equipment and
ornament, its capacity to interpret and carry out commands and the variety
of pranks it is capable of performing are the criteria of selection. The
most thrilling camel event is 'laadoo oonth'. see how much weight the camel
can can carry, man after man clamber onto the ridge-like back of the camel,
each clutching at the other to retain the collectively precarious position.
It is not an uncommon sight to see the human cargo come crashing down as the
camel tries to get to its feet! It is not known whether this was the
intention of the camel.
The culmination :
Kartik Purnima, the day of ritual oblation , is also the closing day of the
world's most colourful festivals. Bathing begins at dawn. There is quite a
scramble for getting a place on the bathing ghats. The famed waters of the
Pushkar Lake wash away the sins of a lifetime. The mystical water is also
believed to cure skin diseases, making Pushkar the Lourdes of the east.
After bathing, the devotees line up in long colourful queues to take their
turn to worship the Creator, Brahma. Romance touches Pushkar on the full
moon night, as tiny leaf boats, each carrying flowers and an oil lamp, are
set afloat on the placid lake. Twinkling like thousands of stars, their
flickering flames reflected in the water, they wink back at the innumerable
stars on the desert sky. The next day dawns for the exodus. Long caravans
hump their way along, taking many camels to their new homes. Little does a
camel know which master it will serve after the coming Pushkar Mela.