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Holy Destinations of India

Bodh Gaya

This is where Prince Gautama attained enlightenment under the sacred Asvatta tree (Bodhi tree) and became known as Lord Budha. This is one of the four most sacred pilgrimage places for the Buddhists. The other three important places are his place of birth at Lumbini, Nepal; the site of his first lecture at Sarnath, near Varanasi; and the place where he left his body at Kushinagar, near Gorakhpur. Buddhists from all over the world have built temples here in Bodh Gaya. The Dalai Lama often spends time here. Tibetan pilgrims come here for the winter from Dharamshala. Bodh Gaya is located about 13 km from Gaya, 450 km west of Calcutta, and 90 km south of Patna.

Bodh Gaya is a place which should be visited or seen by a person of devotion and which would cause awareness of the nature of impermanence.

Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha-to-be, had been dwelling on the banks of the Nairanjana River with five ascetic followers for six years practicing austerities. Realising that austerities could not lead to realisation he abandoned them. His five ascetic companions disgusted at his seeming failure, deserted him and left for Sarnath.

City Famous For Performing Hindu Rituals

In fact, devout Hindus have an obligation to visit Gaya after the death of their parents for certain rites, for Pindan, that ensures spiritual peace and solace of the departed souls.It is incumbent upon every pilgrim, to invoke the gods as witness, so that by completing the prescribed rites of prayers for the peace and happiness he has freed himself from the debt he owes to his dead ancestors. The ceremony can be performed almost anytime of the year but people prefer to do so during the annual fair held in September. Legend holds that Lord Buddha, when prince, performed the first Pindan here.

Gaya is located at a distance of 105 km from Patna in the state of Bihar. Buddha Gaya is located 7 miles south of Gaya and is one of the well visited Buddhist pilgrimage centers of the Indian subcontinent.


The history of Bodhgaya can be traced back to the 7th century and it was the part of the first small kingdoms of India. This place came to prominence when a prince called Siddhartha gave up all the material pleasures and after strenuous efforts through meditation, attained enlightenment or Nirvana under a Bodhi tree. There is also a small shrine that was built under the rule of the great Mauryan ruler Ashoka in the 3rd century B.C. It is one of the most important places in Bodhgaya and should not be missed out during your trip to Bodhgaya.

General Information :-

Population : 25,585
Languages : Bhojpuri, Hindi and English
Best time to visit : Winters
STD Code : 0631

Attractions of Bodh Gaya

  • Mahabodhi Temple
    The Mahabodhi Temble is located at the place of Lord Buddha's enlightenment. The temple has a 50m (170 ft) tower. The present temple was restored around 1880. There have been several other temples on this site. A previous temple was destroyed by the Muslims in the 11th century. Parts of the intricately carved railings to the south and west of the temple are very old. Some of the railings are original and parts of the railings are reproductions.

    In the inner sanctuary there is a huge Buddha. In the center of the temple there is also a Siva-linga that was installed about 860. This temple is also sacred to the Hindus because Lord Buddha is the ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
  • Bodhi Tree
    The Bodhi tree here is said to be a descendent of the tree under which Budhha attained enlightenment. A sapling of the original bodhi tree that the Buddha sat under was carried by Emperor Ashoka's daughter (Sanghamitta) to Sri Lanka. That tree is at Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. A cutting from that tree was planted in Budha Gaya when the original tree died. Under the tree is a red sandstone slab that is said to be the Vajrasana, the diamond throne, that Buddha sat on and attained nirvana. The tree is located behind the temple and is about 80 feet high and about 115 years old.
  • Vajrasana
    Vajrasana, the seat of stability. Buddha supposed to have say in meditation gazing east, under the Bodhi Tree, where the Vajrasana, the stone platform is kept.
  • Chankaramana
    This marks the sacred spot of the Buddha's meditative perambulations during the third week after pious enlightenment. It is believed that wherever the Buddha put his feet lotus sprang up.
  • Arimeshlochana
    It is believed that the Buddha spent one week here looking towards the great Mahabodhi Tree out of gratitude, without twinkling his eyes.
  • Ratnagar
    The Buddha spent one week here, where it is believed that five colours came out of his body.
Other Places

The Mohanta's Monastery, located right next to the Mahabodhi Temple, is a Shaivite monastery. It is said that Adi Sankaracharya spent days here in a heated debate with buddhist philosophers.

At the Tibetan Mahayana Monastery (1938) there is a large Dharma Chakra, or wheel of law. It is believed that you will be freed of sin if you spin this wheel three times in succession from left to right. It is a 10m high metal drum painted gold and red.

Budha bathed in the nearby Niranjana (now called Lilanja) River after attaining enlightenment. The Niranjana River is about 250m east of the temple. Prince Siddharta crossed this river to reach the Bodhi tree.

Buddha Jayanti Festival
The Budha Jayanti festival in May, celebrates the appearance day of Buddha, the day he got enlightenment, and the day he left his body. It is the biggest festival day here.

Bodhgaya Revitalised
Since 1953, Bodh Gaya has been developed as an international place of pilgrimage. Buddhists from Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Tibet, Bhutan and Japan have established monasteries and temples within easy walking distance of the Mahabodhi compound. The site of the enlightenment now attracts Buddhists and tourists from all over the world. At any time during the cooler months between December and March, a visitor to Bodh Gaya can observe a continual stream of Indian and international pilgrims walking the roads or arriving in buses, circumambulating the temple, performing prostrations and offering prayers in a multitude of languages. For those who aspire to awaken their full potential, Bodh Gaya today is truly a field vibrant with the potentiality of enlightenment. Enriched by devotion of Buddhists of all traditions, this holy site is emerging as a powerful inspiration to the modern world, awakening people of all nations to the real possibility of enlightenment.

Photos of Bodh Gaya

Bodh Gaya Temple Thai Temple at Bodh Gaya
Bodh Gaya Temple Thai Temple at Bodh Gaya

How to Reach
Bodh Gaya :

Air : Although Bodhgaya has no airport of its own, there is an airport in Gaya, which is 17 kms away from Bodhgaya.Most airlines from the important cities of India touch Patna, which is 135 kms from Bodhgaya.

Rail : The nearest railway station is also Gaya.Trains from all major cities of India stop at Gaya.Indian Railways has introduced a new train, Buddha Parikrama that caters to Buddhist spiritual tour by linking all the places associated with Buddha and Buddhism.

Road : Bodhgaya is the main bus stop and is located near Sujata Bridge on the Falgu River on the northeastern edge of the town. The nearest transport hub is Gaya, a major point on historical Grand Trunk Road There are regular direct bus services from Gaya, Patna, Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation run buses from Patna- Bodhgaya route twice a day.

Accommodation in Bodh Gaya

All the hotels in Bodhgaya are located near the major landmarks of the town and can be accessed easily. The rooms are elegantly done up and are quite cozy giving you optimum level of comfort.

You can also accomplish the business and recreational needs here since the hotels also extend the facility of business and conferencing and arranges for the sightseeing tours to the various important destinations that are located in the vicinity of the city. The services provided by the various hotels are customized according to the individual tastes and preferences of the discerning guests and make them feel at home.

Among the various Bodhgaya Hotels, you can also accommodate your self in the budget hotels in Bodhgaya that are just right for the travelers who are traveling on a shoe-string budget. A comprehensive range of facilities and services are provided to the guests at a reasonable