Hindu Customs on Child Birth
Several Hindu samskars or scripture based rites are associated with birth of a child. These samskars include:
Punsavana (fetus protection) : Performed during the third or fourth month of pregnancy and prior to consciousness of fetus, to invoke divine qualities in the child.
Simantonnayana (satisfying the craving of the pregnant mother) : similar to baby shower, performed during the seventh month of pregnency, prayers offered for to God for healthy physical and mental growth of a child
Jatakarma (child birth) : welcomes the child into the family; mantras are recited for a healthy and long life. Samskar is performed to create a pleasant atmosphere for both the newly born child and mother.
Namakarna (Naming the child) : "Naming" according to scriptural procedures Nishkarmana (taking the child outdoors for the first time) performed four months after birth.
Annaprasana (giving the child first solid food): Performed in the
seventh or eight month after birth. There are detail instruction regarding
what food to give etc., in scriptures (Grihyasutra)